To lessen the risk of being infected with coronavirus, it is said that ”hand hygiene” , ”less non-essential outing ” and ”fine meal and sleep”—these fundamental actions are the core. Let’s see what the Government of Japan, municipalities or public agencies show us as “infection prevention and control in daily life.”
1. Hand Hygiene/Cough etiquette
You have to make sure you wash your hands in the ways shown in the picture above.
After drying your hands, apply alcohol-based sanitizers to rid your hands of germs.
Sticking to “cough etiquettes”
Your cough or sneeze may contain viruses. Not to give them to others, you have to follow “cough etiquettes” below thoroughly. When you have any cold-like symptoms, please:
- Wear a face mask
- When you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or a handkerchief. If you don’t have any of them, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve, not your hands
- When coughing or sneezing, keep yourself away from others
Besides, please follow these below when you wear a face mask;
- Cover both your mouth and nose
- Put each ear loop around each ear
- Pinch the bendable top edge of the mask around the bridge of your nose
2. Ventilation, Distance—Keys to stop COVID-19 spread
In our daily lives, we should avoid closed places with poor ventilation, crowding together in large numbers and holding conversations at close range, to reduce the risk of spreading coronavirus.
In Japan, clusters of coronavirus have been confirmed in bars, night clubs, karaoke boxes, gyms/fitness clubs, local choir clubs etc. However, they are not the only clusters to be seen. In anyways, we are required to avoid crowded places or anywhere we have other people at close range, to protect not only ourselves but also others from the virus.
(Update: 6/15) Please refrain from traveling prefectures that are experiencing outbreaks of infections/going back to your parents’ home/leisure travel.
In case you tested positive for coronavirus, it’s important to keep tracking on who you met and where you met him/her. Also, you should stay alert to current COVID-19 situation nationwide.
3. Well-Balanced Meal/Good Quality Sleep
Proper nutrition and sufficient amount of sleep is vital to keep your immune system healthy. World Health Organization（WHO）shows the tips to make you healthier. It is recommended that you:
- Eat fresh foods everyday
- Drink enough water everyday—Stay hydrated
- Eat moderate amounts of fat and oil
- Eat less salt and sugar
- Avoid eating out—Less meet-up with others
(Update: 6/11)The state of emergency was lifted on May 25th. From now on, it is essential for us to continuously guard ourselves against coronavirus while getting back to our normal lives. How do we carry out infection control principles in day-to-day life ? Here we have the examples of “New Normal Lifestyle,” in addition to the basic infection prevention measures as mentioned. Stick to the new lifestyle, and prevent the spread of the virus.
*The following are the points for caution issued by Ministry of Health, Labor and welfare.
１．Basic Lifestyle in the post-pandemic “New Normal”
Below are what to keep in mind in our daily lives:
- Washing and then sanitize your hands
- Avoiding “3Cs (Closed spaces, Crowded places and Close-contact settings)”
- Following “cough etiquettes” thoroughly
- Keeping where you are at well ventilated
- Exercising Social distancing
- Taking your temperature every morning and checking if you are in good health
- Refraining from non-essential outings
If you have a fever or a cold-like symptom, please stay at home.
２． How to behave in the “New Normal” (Situation-based instructions)
What to keep in mind varies depending on the situation:
- Doing your shopping online where possible
- Going shopping alone or in a small group at off-peak time
- Making a cashless payment
- Deciding what to buy in advance and spend less time at shops
- Refraining from touching a sample of goods on display
- Keeping your distance from other people in a checkout-queue
【When Using a Public Transportation】
- Chatting less with your companions
- Using it at off-peak time
- Moving around not only by it but also on foot or by bike
【When Dining (Mainly when in a group)】
- Considering takeout and delivery food as an option
- Dining outdoors
- Ordering a plate of food for each person, not a platter dish
- Sitting next to each other, not sitting opposite each other
- Less chatting
- No sharing of a cup/glass of drink
- When going to a park, chilling out at an empty one in a small group
- Utilizing free workout/yoga videos online
- Jogging in a small group
- Keeping your distance from other people when passing by one another
- Reserving a workout space beforehand
- Spending less time in a small room
- Singing karaoke/Watching sports online or on-site with enough distance from other people
【On Ceremonial Occasions】
- No dining in a large group where possible
- Non-attendance to them when having a fever or cold-like symptoms
【New Ways of Working】
- Telecommuting/Rotating shift
- Commuting at off-peak time
- Exercising social distancing in your office
- Online meeting
- Exchanging business cards online
- In-person meeting in a place with good ventilation and with all attendees putting on face masks
We hope this article helps you stay safe!